如何让“心灵边的小窗户”更宽敞?

摘要: 雅思听力对于很多烤鸭来说都是一道难关,那么怎样提高雅思听力呢?——听TED绝对是一个好方法!TED是美国的一

11-09 06:18 首页 酷艾英语

雅思听力对于很多烤鸭来说都是一道难关,

那么怎样提高雅听力呢?

——听TED绝对是一个好方法!


TED是美国的一家私有非盈利机构,该机构以它组织的TED大会著称,这个会议的宗旨是用思想的力量来改变世界。大家在锻炼雅思听力的时候,也可以学习一下里面的主角们的思维模式、论述方法,希望还能对大家的雅思写作有所启迪。


今天给大家带来的是

——5 ways to listen better

——五种方法提高倾听能力





演讲原文节选

The first one is silence. Just three minutes a day of silence is a wonderful exercise to reset your ears and to recalibrate so that you can hear the quiet again. If you cant get absolute silence, go for quiet, thats absolutely fine.


首先是安静。每天只需拿出三分钟让自己安静下来,就是一个很好的练习,来让听觉系统进行重置和调整,从而可以再一次感受到宁静。如果没有完全无声的环境 ,就去一个安静的地方也没问题。


Second, I call this the mixer. (Noise) So even if youre in a noisy environment like this - and we all spend a lot of time in places like this - listen in the coffee bar to how many channels of sound can I hear? How many individual channels in that mix am I listening to? You can do it in a beautiful place as well, like in a lake. How many birds am I hearing? Where are they? Where are those ripples? Its a great exercise for improving the quality of your listening.


第二点,我称之为混合器。(噪音即使你在一个像这样嘈杂的环境中——我们很多时间都生活在这样的环境中——在咖啡厅里听,你可以听到多少种声音你可以在混杂噪音中分辨出多少独立的声音这种方法也可以在幽静的地方练习,比如在湖边我可以听到多少种鸟叫声它们从哪里发出传向哪里这也是很好的练习,来改善我们的听觉能力。


Third, this exercise I call savoring, and this is a beautiful exercise. Its about enjoying mundane sounds. This, for example, is my tumble dryer. (Dryer) Its a waltz. One, two, three. One, two, three. One, two, three. I love it. Or just try this one on for size. (Coffee grinder) Wow! So mundane sounds can be really interesting if you pay attention. I call that the hidden choir. Its around us all the time.


第三点,我称之为品味声音这是个很好的练习。是关于享受平淡声音的,比如说,这是我的滚筒式干衣机干衣机像华尔兹一样 1-2-31-2-31-2-3 我喜欢它,或者试试这个咖啡研磨机 哇喔! 如果你用心,如此平凡的声音也可以这样有趣,我称其为隐形合唱团,他们一直都在我们周围。


The next exercise is probably the most important of all of these, if you just take one thing away. This is listening positions -- the idea that you can move your listening position to whats appropriate to what youre listening to. This is playing with those filters. Do you remember, I gave you those filters at the beginning. Its starting to play with them as levers, to get conscious about them and to move to different places. These are just some of the listening positions, or scales of listening positions, that you can use. There are many. Have fun with that. Its very exciting.


下一个练习,也许是五项之中最重要的。如果只选一个的话,那就是倾听的状态——你可以改变你倾听的状态,根据你所听的内容而定。这些要用到哪些过滤器,还记得吗我开始的时候提到过的,像一个杠杆一样去运用它们,根据它们来移动到不同的地方,屏幕上只是一部分倾听的状态或者是大家可以运用的倾听状态的一些尺度,还有许多,它很有趣,很让人激动。


And finally, an acronym. You can use this in listening, in communication. If youre in any one of those roles -- and I think that probably is everybody whos listening to this talk -- the acronym is RASA, which is the Sanskrit word for juice or essence. And RASA stands for Receive, which means pay attention to the person; Appreciate, making little noises like "hmm," "oh," "okay"; Summarize, the word "so" is very important in communication; and Ask, ask questions afterward.


最后,是一个缩略词。你可以在倾听、交流时用到它。只要你处于其中一种情况下——我想可能听这个演讲的在座各位都是吧——这个缩写就是RASA,它本身是个梵文,意思是汁液或者精华,同时RASA这里代表着“接受”,意思是关注于与你交谈的人。赏识,做出些反映,比如,恩,哦,好不错小结“所以,因此”这个词在交流中是非常重要的,以及,询问,最后的时候问些问题。



At what situations can you listen to others well?

中英文皆可,字数不限!


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